Located in the heart of the Pessac-Léognan appellation, this iconic estate captivates wine lovers the world over with the remarkable quality of its cuvées and its rich history. It is the only château to be located in the city of Bordeaux, at 20 rue des Carmes. Combining tradition and innovation, Château Les Carmes Haut-Brion is a viticultural jewel built on a magnificent terroir and exceptional know-how. It produces powerful, expressive and elegantwines that reflect the unique character of its terroir, making Château Les Carmes Haut-Brion a benchmark in the world of wine.
The technical sheet of château les Carmes haut-brion
OWNER : Groupe Pichet
MANAGINGDIRECTOR: Guillaume Pouthier
OENOLOGIST: Derenoncourt Consultants
APPELLATION : Pessac-Léognan
VINEYARDAREA: 10 hectares of vines
SOILS: gravel, clay and sand
AVERAGEAGEOFTHEVINES: 40 years old
GRAPEVARIETIES: Cabernet Franc (39%), Cabernet Sauvignon (35%), Merlot (25%)
HARVESTING: By hand
VINIFICATION: Wooden, stainless steel or concrete vats
AGEING: In French oak barrels, for approximately 18 months
the history of château les carmes haut-brion
The history of Château Les Carmes Haut-Brion goes back several centuries. In the 16th century, the Carmes déchaux monks settled on the land where the estate stands today. These monks were members of the Carmelite Order, a Catholic religious order founded in the 12th century.
The Discalced Carmelite monks quickly developed an interest in viticulture and began growing vines on the land. They thus laid the foundations for the winegrowing tradition of Château Les Carmes Haut-Brion. The "Haut-Brion" appellation refers to the exceptional quality of the terroir on which the château is established.
Over the centuries, the estate has had different owners but has always been associated with the production of high-quality wines. However, over the last few decades, Château Les Carmes Haut-Brion has undergone significant changes.
In 2010, the Pichet family, known for their investments in real estate, acquired Château Les Carmes Haut-Brion. Under the direction of Patrice Pichet, the estate has undergone an ambitious transformation to breathe new life into this iconic wine estate.
One of the most remarkable elements of this transformation was the construction of a new building designed by renowned architect Philippe Starck. The bold, contemporary architecture of the new château has become a distinctive signature of Château Les Carmes Haut-Brion.
In addition to the architectural changes, the estate has also adopted innovative viticultural practices. Château Les Carmes Haut-Brion is a fervent advocate of biodynamic viticulture, an agricultural approach that emphasizes the balance between soil, plant and environment. The vines are grown without the use of harsh chemicals, and methods that respect the ecosystem are favoured.
This combination of historical heritage and modern approach has made Château Les Carmes Haut-Brion stand out on the Bordeaux wine scene. The wines produced by the estate are acclaimed for their power, expressiveness, elegance and remarkable finesse.
Today, Château Les Carmes Haut-Brion is considered one of the Bordeaux region's wine gems. Its wines are highly sought-after by connoisseurs and collectors worldwide, and the estate continues to write a new page in its history while preserving the heritage that has made it so special.
The property of Les carmes haut-brion
Located in the Pessac-Léognan appellation, the terroir extends over two hillsides separated by the PeugueRiver.
The soils at Château Les Carmes Haut-Brion are mainly gravel but also include clay and sand. These well-drained, nutrient-poor soils force the vines to plunge deep to find the resources they need, contributing to the grapes' concentration of aromas and flavours.
The vines, which are around fortyyearsold, are planted on slightly elevated ridges, offering excellent sun exposure and air circulation, which favours optimal ripening of the grapes and reduces the risk of disease.
The Château's grape varieties are dominated by CabernetFranc (39%). CabernetSauvignon (35%) and Merlot (25%) complete the blend, bringing structure, complexity and finesse to the wines.
The subtle interplay between soil, climate, exposure and grape varieties gives Château Les Carmes Haut-Brion wines their uniquecharacteristics. These are fine, elegantwines, with intense red and blackfruitaromas, great aromatic richness and beautiful balance.
The cellar of les carmes haut-brion
The Chai at Château Les Carmes Haut-Brion is an exceptional place where winemaking tradition meets innovation. Inaugurated in 2016, this symbolic space, conceived by renowned designer PhilippeStarck and architect LucArsène-Henry, embodies both the aesthetic beauty and functionality required to craft exceptional wines.
At the heart of the estate, the cellar boasts a sublime 350m2 panoramic terrace overlooking the entire vineyard. On the first level, a tasting room overlooks the winery.
The second level houses the harvest reception area and the vatroom, which can hold up to 1,200 hectolitres under naturalgravityconditions. There are several types of vats: wooden, stainlesssteel and concrete, to suit the vinification of the Château's different grape varieties and terroirs.
The winery also houses a 300-strong French oak barrel ageing cellar, where the wines are carefully matured. These barrels offer a subtle harmony between the influence of wood and the preservation of the purity of the wine's flavours and aromas. Every detail is meticulously thought out to ensure optimal ageing and create balanced, complex wines.
Beyond its functional aspect, the Château Les Carmes Haut-Brion cellar is an artisticspace that fusesart and wine. The building's avant-garde architecture creates a unique atmosphere where aesthetics and creativity meet. It's a place that celebrates passion and excellence, where winemakers bring their vision to life, constantly striving for perfection.
This is the beating heart of the estate, where ancestral know-how and modern viticultural techniques combine to create exceptional wines. In this space dedicated to excellence, unique cuvées are born, reflecting the extraordinary character of the terroir and the Château's winemaking philosophy.
the know-how of les carmes haut-brion
Vinification at Château Les Carmes Haut-Brion is a meticulous process designed to preserve the authenticity of the terroir and create wines of exceptional quality.
It all begins with a meticulous, plot-by-plot, manual selection of the ripest, healthiest grapes. The grapes are then transported to the winery, where they are gravity-fed into a wooden, stainless steel or concrete vats in the magnificent, ultra-modern winery created by designer PhilippeStarck and architect Luc Arsène-Henry.
The grapes are vinified by slowinfusion, with gentle extraction, without punching down or pumping over, to concentrate the wine's colour and tannins. Ageing continues in the ageing cellar, housing 300 French oak barrels, where the wines are placed to age for around 18 months.
The precision and expertise of the winemakers are reflected in every decision made during the winemaking process, from blending to ageing. The ultimate aim is to create balanced, elegant wines of great finesse, which reveal the unique character of the Château Les Carmes Haut-Brion terroir.
the cuvées of château les carmes haut-brion
Château Les Carmes Haut-Brion offers two cuvées, each offering a unique taste experience and reflecting the specific expression of its exceptional terroir.
Château Les Carmes Haut-Brion is the estate's flagship cuvée (see Primeurs 2022), a powerful, elegant red wine. It is mainly composed of Merlot, with varying proportions of Cabernet Franc and Cabernet Sauvignon depending on the vintage. The wines of this cuvée are distinguished by their concentration, aromatic richness and complexity. They offer intense aromas of red and black fruits, spicy notes, velvety tannins and a persistent finish. This is a wine for laying down that will blossom over time.
C des Carmes Haut-Brion is the estate's second wine. It is made with the same rigour and expertise as the main cuvée but from younger selections of vines. C des Carmes Haut-Brion is a more accessible wine in its youth, yet offers a fine expression of the terroir and elegance characteristic of the estate's wines. It has aromas of ripe fruit, a balanced structure and silky tannins.