Château Beychevelle is a 250-hectare property, including 92.5 hectares of vines, located in the commune of Saint-Julien. Considered as one of the most prestigious crus of this appellation, it is also one of the most beautiful chateau of Medoc. The estate produces deep red wines, balanced and generous, both powerful and silky. It's a Fourth Classified Growth in 1855 of the Saint Julien appellation.
Château Beychevelle technical sheet
OWNER: Pierre Castel and Suntory Group
GENERAL MANAGER: Philippe Blanc
CELLAR MASTER: Benoit Milhé
CULTURE CHIEF: David Lafosse
APPELLATION : Saint-Julien
VINEYARD SURFACE : 92.5 hectares
VINEYARD MANAGEMENT : Sustainable agriculture
SOILS : Garonne gravel and gravel-clay subsoil
AVERAGE AGE OF THE VINEYARD : 30 years
VINEYARD DENSITY : 8 300 to 10 000 vines per hectare
grape varieties: Cabernet Sauvignon (52%), Merlot (40%), Cabernet Franc (5%), Petit Verdot (3%)
HARVESTING : By hand
VINIFICATION : Tailor-made according to the grape varieties
AGEING : French oak barrels
Château Beychevelle , three centuries of history
Château Beychevelle has been forged through three centuries of history and has belonged to noble and powerful families making it renowned.
Its history dates back to the Middle Ages under the Counts of Foix-Candale, with the construction of the castle in 1565 by Bishop François de Foix-Candale. The castle then became the property of the Duke of Épernon, Jean-Louis de Nogaret de la Valette. It was under his reign that the name "Beychevelle" was given to the castle: such a powerful man, that ships passing in front of the castle had to lower their sails as a sign of allegiance to the Duke, hence the name "Baisse-Voile" which became Beychevelle.
The estate then passed into the hands of Jean-Baptiste d'Abadie, Baron of Lamarque and Beychevelle who replanted the vines in 1709 after a terrible frost. In 1717, his nephew Etienne-François de Brassier inherited the property. Passionate about wine, he developed the vineyard and made the most of his land. He was also responsible for the construction of the port of Beychevelle. In 1787 it was Delphine Catherine de Brassier's turn to become the owner. She managed to keep the estate intact during the revolutionary period. Following this time, Château Beychevelle passed into the hands of various families who continued the work of their predecessors.
In 1986, the estate became the property of an insurance company associated with Suntory in 1989. Today, the château belongs to Grands Millésimes de France owned by the Castel and Suntory groups.
Château Beychevelle, the "Versailles of Médoc"
Located in Saint-Julien, Château Beychevelle covers 250 hectares, 92.5 of which are vineyards. The rest of the property is composed of meadows where Limousin cows graze, pine forests, poplars, ash trees and walnut trees. Beychevelle is known as the "Versailles of Médoc" in honour of the elegance of its architecture and its French gardens.
Benefiting from a temperate oceanic climate, the Gironde estuary close to the vineyard plays an important role in protecting and regulating the climate. The soil is composed of Garonne gravel and a clay-gravel subsoil. The root system of the vines allows them to draw the necessary nutrients from deep within the soil. A unique and ideal meeting between soil and climate!
The vineyard of Château Beychevelle is composed of four noble grape varieties of Médoc: Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc and Petit Verdot. The teams select a grape variety for each parcel according to the typicity and constraints of the terroir.
Concerned about preserving the environment and its terroirs, the teams practice a reasoned culture and organic farming on one-third of the vineyard. No herbicides are used and the estate's production is ISO 14001 certified.
Since 2017, Château Beychevelle has a contemporary winery for modern and efficient winemaking. More spacious and better dimensioned, it allows a smooth loading of tanks and barrels by gravity, precise control of temperatures and customized conduct of extractions.
Château Bechevelle and its love FOR THE ARTS
Château Beychevelle has always loved the arts. It began with the Duke Épernon who welcomed Molière's troupe for rehearsals at the castle. The successive owners have decorated the castle over the years: architecture, paintings, furniture, sculptures, gardens. Beychevelle gradually became the "Versailles of Bordeaux", forging links with the Baroque music centre of Versailles.
The 1990s were marked by the creation of the Beychevelle Foundation and its International Center for Contemporary Art, which highlights art in all its forms. Even today, the castle receives artists who draw their inspiration from these lands. Moreover, every year, an exhibition in partnership with the association Mécénart is organized at the castle.
At Chateau Beychevelle, the harvest is manual and selective according to the grape variety, the terroir and the age of the vines. The grapes are sorted three times: first at the plot, then at the reception of the harvest with sorting on bunches, followed by an optical sorting. They are then gently vatted by gravity in the cellar, then aged in French oak barrels for 12 to 18 months depending on the vintage. The wines are then fined with egg whites and racked traditionally by candlelight. They are finally bottled in the spring.
The cuvée of château Beychevelle
The château has three cuvées: Château Beychevelle and Amiral de Beychevelle in the Saint-Julien appellation. Les Brulières de Beychevelle in the Haut-Médoc appellation.
The Grand Vin Château Beychevelle reflects the elegance and finesse of the Saint-Julien terroirs. Made from the best plots of the vineyard and a rigorous selection, it is a graceful, complex wine with a great aromatic richness. It will take about 10 years before it can reveal itself.
The second wine of the château, Amiral de Beychevelle, is made from young vines and benefits from the same cultural practices of sorting and traditional ageing as the grand vin. Elegant and fine, it reveals itself in its youth and can be kept for up to 15 years depending on the vintage.
The last vintage, Les Brulières de Beychevelle is in the Haut Médoc appellation. Located 5km from the Beychevelle vineyard, these 12 hectares of vines, further from the estuary, benefit from a cooler climate. Produced by organic farming, it is composed of Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot. It benefits from the same care as the Grand and Second Wines, but is vinified and aged in a separate cellar.