Château Margaux, a 262-hectare property, including 94 hectares of vines, is located on the edge of the village of Margaux, in the heart of the Médoc, on the left bank of the Gironde. Premier Grand Cru at the time of the classification of the wines of Médoc of 1855, of Margaux appellation, the estate produces exceptional wines which are characterized by their smoothness, elegance, freshness, power and complexity.
The technical sheet of château Margaux
OWNER : Corinne Mentzelopoulos
GENERAL MANAGER : PhilippeBascaules (Margaux) and Olivier Pinon (Paris)
CELLAR MASTER: Philippe Berrier
OENOLOGIST: Philippe Bascules
TECHNICAL DIRECTOR: Sebastien Vergne
GROWING MANAGER: Julien Cazenave
APPELLATION : Margaux
SURFACE OF THE VINEYARD : 94 hectares (Red : 82, White : 12)
VINEYARD MANAGEMENT : Integrated farming
SOILS : Graves Gunziennes
AVERAGE AGE OF THE VINEYARD : 36 years old
RED VARIETIES : Cabernet Sauvignon (75%), Merlot (20%), Petit Verdot (4%), Cabernet Franc (1%)
The origins of Château Margaux go back to the 12th century when the estate had no vines and was called "La Mothe de Margaux". In 1572 and for about ten years, the Lestonnac family completely restructured the property and the vineyard, anticipating the general evolution of the Médoc, which gradually abandoned cereal crops in favor of vines. At the end of the 17th century, Château Margaux occupied 265 hectares, a third of which was devoted to vines. It quickly became a Mecca for the art of making good wine.
Over the centuries, the estate passed through the hands of different owners, making the château's wine a wine of excellence. In 1801, Bertrand Douat, Marquis de la Colonilla, acquired the estate, rebuilt the residence in the neo-Palladian style by the Bordeaux architect Louis Combes and redesigned the park by Toussaint-Yves Catros. Years later, Château Margaux was sold and acquired by various owners such as a Spanish banker and a regent of the Bank of France.
In 1950 Fernand Ginestet, a Bordeaux wine merchant, bought the estate with his son. In 1977, André Mentzelopoulos, a true visionary, bought the estate and the vines. His investments in the property allowed the château to make its great return to the ranks of the Premiers Crus. He set up a soil drainage system, replanted the plots, introduced maturing in new barrels and planned the construction of the first large underground winery in the region. This reconstruction of the architectural and viticultural heritage allowed the terroir to express its fabulous qualities once again.
In 1980, André Mentzelopoulos passed away and his daughter Corinne continued her father's work alongside the château's teams. Concerned about the idea of managing the estate alone, she joined forces with the Agnelli family. This association lasted only 10 years and Corinne recovered the shares of the Agnelli family, thus becoming the sole shareholder of the estate. Over time, she continued to improve the wines of Château Margaux, introduced a third wine to improve the quality of the first and second wines and began to observe the response of the vine and wine to biodynamic farming. Corinne and her teams are constantly seeking progress without ever disappointing wine lovers around the world.
Château margaux, an exceptionnal terroir
Château Margaux is a 262-hectare property, 94 of which are vineyards. It is famous for its neo-Palladian style building located in the heart of the Médoc, on the left bank of the Gironde River at the edge of the small village of Margaux.
The soils are made up of fine Günzian gravel, of Garonne origin, as well as clayey and more chalky subsoils in certain areas. As for the vineyard, it is mainly dedicated to red wines with a mix of Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc and Petit Verdot. The vineyard also has a plot of land formerly dedicated to red wine, now dedicated to white wine, composed of Sauvignon Blanc.
The combination of a temperate climate and moderately rich soil allows the vines to accompany the grapes in their maturity, while using organic and natural treatments to produce great wines of exception.
the know-how of château margaux
In order to produce exceptional wines, the work in the vineyard is essential and meticulous. This starts with a green pruning method that avoids overcrowding the vegetation, which is harmful to the sunlight of the future grapes. Then by using the complantation, an old practice used by the teams at the end of the winter pruning. A traditional soil work: shoeing, de-shoeing and testing of ploughing methods with the help of a horse. The practice of thinning, trellising and the use of manure, all these methods allow the acquisition of grapes in perfect state of maturity for the elaboration of great wines.
After a year of work, comes the time of the harvest where 200 winegrowers handpick the grapes. First the Merlot which is always earlier, then the Cabernet Franc and finally the Cabernet Sauvignon and Petit Verdot, always later.
Once in the cellar, the grapes are sorted and then destemmed. The grapes are then put in wooden or stainless steel thermo-regulated vats, then proceed to the alcoholic fermentation with several pumping over. Once the fermentation is over, the maceration continues until the wine is run off. Then comes the blending stage, which gives birth to the three cuvées of the château. The wine is aged in barrels as soon as possible after the fermentation is completed. After 18 to 26 months of aging, mainly in new French oak barrels, the wine is bottled.
the CUVÉES of château Margaux
Château Margaux has three cuvées characterized by their finesse, elegance, complexity, freshness, power and length.
The first one is the Grand Vin, Château Margaux, recognized as one of the greatest wines in the world since the 17th century. It has a great capacity to evolve, allowing it to develop finesse, aromatic complexity and a remarkable presence in the mouth.
The second wine is available in red and white.
Pavillon Rouge du Château Margaux is made from 30% of the harvest. It is very close to the grand vin but does not have the same complexity and depth. It is ready to drink a little earlier, but has good aging potential.
Pavillon Blanc du Château Margaux is made from eleven hectares of vineyards composed only of Sauvignon Blanc, located on an old parcel formerly planted in red. It is a complex, rich wine with a good length in the mouth.
The estate also produces a last cuvée: Margaux du Château Margaux only present in a selection of restaurants within the traditional markets of the castle.