Considered to be one of the world's greatest wines, Château Mouton Rothschild is located in Pouyalet, in the northwest of Bordeaux, in the prestigious Pauillac appellation. Second growth classified in 1855, Château Mouton Rothschild finally reached the rank of First growth classified in 1973. The estate produces excellent red wines that are elegant, powerful, rich in tannins and long-lasting, as well as a tasty and elegant white wine.
OWNERS: Philippe Sereys de Rothschild, Camille Sereys de Rothschild and Julien de Beaumarchais de Rothschild
VINIFICATION : Oak vats (44 vats) and thermo-regulated stainless steel vats (20 vats)
MATURING : New oak barrels
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The story begins in 1720 when Joseph de Brane bought the wine estate from the Ségur family. He renamed it Brane-Mouton and developed the vineyard. Producing wines of good reputation, their price reached those of the second growths at the end of the century. The estate was then sold in 1830 to a banker and was acquired by Baron Nathaniel de Rothschild in 1853 at an auction. Despite its reputation, the estate was only classified as a second growth in 1855. Nathaniel's son, James, inherited the property and built the current château in 1970.
The arrival of Philippe de Rothschild in 1922 marked a turning point in the history of the estate. Man of action and innovator, he made many important decisions, revolutionizing the world of wine. In 1924, he imposed full bottling at the château, affirming the role of the owners of great growths in the face of the Bordeaux wine trade. Two years later, he inaugurated the "Grand Chai" of Mouton, designed by the architect Charles Siclis. Measuring 100 meters long and housing 1,000 barrels, it was designed to meet the storage needs.
Since the first bottling in 1924, the labels were designed by the poster artist Jean Carlus. In 1945, in order to commemorate the Allied victory, Baron Philippe Rothschild decided to enrich his labels with the reproduction of a work of art. He entrusted the realization to the draftsman Philippe Jullian who illustrated a "V" of the Victory. Since then, each year the label is illustrated by a contemporary artist.
Unjustly deprived of the rank of first great classified growth in 1855, Château Mouton Rothschild finally obtained it by a decree signed in 1973 after a long struggle. Baron Philippe died a few years later, and it was his daughter, Baroness Philippine de Rothschild, heiress of the château, who took the reins in hand. In the 1990s, she introduced two new wines: a dry white wine called Aile d'argent and the second wine, Petit Mouton.
The construction of a new vat room in 2012, designed by the scenographer Richard Peduzzi and the architect Bernard Mazieres, perfectly combines tradition and technical progress. Baroness Philippine passed away in 2014. Today, her 3 children are the co-owners and continue to perpetuate the work and will of their mother.
Located in Pouyalet, at the exit of Pauillac, northwest of Bordeaux, Château Mouton Rothschild is in the heart of one of the most prestigious appellations of the Médoc, Pauillac.
90 hectares of vineyards are planted on gravelly hilltops, known as the "Plateau de Mouton", about 30 meters high, between the Gironde estuary and the Landes forest, offering an exceptional terroir. The soils are gravelly, stony, thin and poor, and rest on a deep marly-limestone base, allowing the production of powerful red wines, rich in tannins and with long ageing potential.
The vineyards of the property are mainly composed of vines producing red wines with Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc and Petit Verdot. The vineyard also includes a few hectares of white grape vines with Sauvignon, Semillon, Sauvignon Gris and Muscadelle.
On the property, the vines surround the chateau named "Petit Mouton", a Victorian mansion built in 1885. It should also be noted that the name "mouton" does not come from the animal but from "motte/ mothon" meaning "levee of earth" in old French.
FIRST, I AM. SECOND I USED TO BE. MOUTON DOES NOT CHANGE
Motto of Château Mouton Rothschild
During the harvest, the grapes are manually picked and placed in crates, thus preserving their integrity. After de-stemming, the grapes are sorted manually on a vibrating table and then transferred to mobile vats to be placed in the gravity fermentation tanks.
The gravity fermenter is of high technical quality and is built on two levels connected by large metal pillars. It has 44 oak vats and 20 thermo-regulated stainless steel vats. They are of different sizes and correspond to each parcel of land on the estate, allowing for optimal selection of the grapes and blending of the wine.
After the vinification, the wine is aged for about 20 months in new oak barrels. During the first year in the cellars, the stages are carried out according to the Médoc tradition: racking, topping up. The wine is then transferred from the cellar to the second year cellar where it finishes its stay at the château before being bottled.
The estate has three cuvées:
The Grand Vin, Château Mouton Rothschild, an elegant wine, that perfectly represents the richness of the terroir and the know-how of the château's teams. A wine for long ageing, it has a dark and intense cherry red colour. On the nose, it offers notes of black fruits, spices and vanilla. On the palate, we find structure and fleshy tannins.
The second wine, Le Petit Mouton de Mouton Rothschild, is made from the youngest vines in the vineyard, harvested, vinified and bottled with the same care as the Grand Vin. It is distinguished from the Grand Vin by a higher proportion of Merlot. With a dark colour, it has an intense nose, revealing the beautiful maturity of the fruit. In the mouth, it is a silky and fine wine with a nice length.
The domain also produces a white wine, Aile d'Argent. Produced in small quantities, it is a reference for lovers of dry white Bordeaux. Its name comes from a children's tale called "Aile d'Argent", which Baron Philippe de Rothschild told to Baroness Philippine de Rothschild when she was a little girl. Composed of Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Sauvignon Gris and Muscadelle depending on the vintage, it is a rich, complex and elegant wine.